Gov. Jay Nixon has set June 4th as the date for a special election to fill the vacant seat in the 8th Congressional District in southeast Missouri. The Governor received a letter Tuesday from Congresswoman Jo Ann Emerson informing him that her resignation from the seat would be effective at 11:59 p.m. State law provides that the notice of election has to be submitted to local election authorities no later than 10 weeks prior to the election. Emerson moved up her resignation in order to allow for this, but did not take into account the provisions of the Military and Overseas Voter Empowerment (MOVE) Act as it pertains to federal elections. In 2009, the MOVE Act became federal law as a means to help American military members serving overseas and citizens living abroad to vote in U.S. elections. Therefore, a special election is necessary. The deadline for 8th district candidates to file is no later than 5 p.m. on the day that is the midpoint between the date when the election is called and Election Day, that is March 29th. Independent candidates also must submit their petitions by this midway point. Local election authorities then have at least 10 days but no more than 40 days to process those independent candidate petitions.
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